Community-based Supervision

Collecting data and sharing practices from around the world1

Our initial data collection efforts seek to document if countries2 have community supervision practices in place (Yes, No, In-Design, or Unknown), key highlights3 and related links for these countries about their efforts. Below, select and expand any of the regions to see what we’ve learned about countries from that area.

Status SummaryNumberPercentage
YES - Community-based supervision is offered10353%
No - Supervision is not offered at this time within the community105%
In-Design - Programs are currently being designed but not offered42%
Unknown - Information is not yet available7840%

CountryStatusHighlightsSupporting Sites
Algeria YESAlgiers has a centralized reintegration site for the on-going support of released individualshttps://www.mjustice.dz/ar/penitentie-2-2-2/
AngolaUnknown
Benin Unknown
BotswanaYES
Burkina FasoNoAmnesty programs possible during national holidays
Burundi Unknown
Cabo VerdeUnknown
CameroonUnknown
Central African Republic Unknown
Chad Unknown
ComorosUnknown
CongoUnknown
Cote D'Ivoire (Ivory Coast)YES
Democratic Republic of the CongoUnknown
DjiboutiUnknown
Egypt Unknown
Equatorial Guinea Unknown
EritreaUnknown
Eswatini (Swaziland)YES
Ethiopia YES
GabonUnknown
Gambia (Republic of the)Unknown
GhanaYES
GuineaUnknown
Guinea-BissauUnknown
Kenya YES
LesothoYES
LiberiaUnknown
Libya Unknown
Madagascar Unknown
Malawi YES
Mali No
Mauritania No
Mauritius Unknown
Morocco YES
Mozambique YES
NamibiaYES
NigerNo
Nigeria YES
Rwanda YES
São Tomé and Príncipe Unknown
Senegal NoAmnesty programs possible during national holidays
Seychelles Unknown
Sierra LeoneUnknown
SomaliaUnknown
South Africa YES
South Sudan No
Sudan Unknown
Tanzania (United Republic of)YES
Togo Unknown
TunisiaUnknown
Uganda YES
Zambia Unknown
Zimbabwe No

CountryStatusHighlightsSupporting Sites
Antigua and BarbudaUnknown
Bahamas In-Design
BarbadosYES
Belize Unknown
Costa Rica YES
Cuba Unknown
DominicaUnknown
Dominican Republic YES
El SalvadorYES
GrenadaUnknown
Guatemala YES
Haiti No
Honduras YES
Jamaica YES
NicaraguaYES
Panama YES
Saint Kitts and Nevis Unknown
Saint Lucia Unknown
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesUnknown
Trinidad and TobagoYEShttp://www.nationalsecurity.gov.tt/divisions/probation-services-division#:~:text=Probation%20Officers%20serve%20as%20Social,the%20laws%20of%20the%20country.

CountryStatusHighlightsSupporting Sites
CanadaYESCulturally sensitive programs for underserved populationshttps://www.csc-scc.gc.ca/index-en.shtml
Mexico YES
United States of AmericaYEShttps://www.uscourts.gov/services-forms/probation-and-pretrial-services

CountryStatusHighlightsSupporting Sites
Argentina YES
Bolivia YES
Brazil YES
Chile YES
Colombia YES
EcuadorYES
GuyanaNo
ParaguayUnknown
Peru YES
SurinameUnknown
Uruguay YES
Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofUnknown

CountryStatusHighlightsSupporting Sites
Afghanistan Unknown
Armenia YES
Azerbaijan YES
BahrainUnknown
Bangladesh Unknown
Bhutan Unknown
Brunei YES
Cambodia In-Design
China YES
GeorgiaYES
India YES
Indonesia YES
Iran Unknown
Iraq Unknown
IsraelYES
Japan  YESVolunteer Probation Officers Program (VPO)http://www.moj.go.jp/EN/hogo1/kouseihogoshinkou/hogo_hogo04-02.html
JordanYES
Kazakhstan YES
Korea, Democratic People's Republic ofUnknown
Korea, Republic of (South)YES
Kuwait Unknown
Kyrgyzstan In-Design
LaosNo
Lebanon Unknown
Malaysia YES
Maldives Unknown
Mongolia Unknown
Myanmar YES
Nepal Unknown
OmanUnknown
Pakistan Unknown
Palestine Unknown
Philippines YEShttp://probation.gov.ph/probation-2/
Qatar Unknown
Saudi ArabiaUnknown
Singapore YEShttps://www.sps.gov.sg/
Sri Lanka Unknown
Syrian Arab RepublicUnknown
Taiwan YES
Tajikistan Unknown
Thailand YES
Timor-LesteUnknown
Turkey YES
TurkmenistanUnknown
United Arab Emirates Unknown
Uzbekistan Unknown
Viet Nam In-Design
Yemen Unknown

CountryStatusHighlightsSupporting Sites
Albania YES
AndorraYES
Austria YEShttps://www.cep-probation.org/knowledgebases/probation-in-europe/
Belarus YES
Belgium YEShttps://www.cep-probation.org/knowledgebases/probation-in-europe/
Bosnia and Herzegovina Unknown
BulgariaYEShttps://www.cep-probation.org/knowledgebases/probation-in-europe/
Croatia YEShttps://www.cep-probation.org/knowledgebases/probation-in-europe/
Cyprus YES
Czech Republic YESOffer restorative practices as supervision component via Probation and Mediation Services agencyhttps://www.pmscr.cz     (site offers English translation)
Denmark YEShttps://www.cep-probation.org/knowledgebases/probation-in-europe/
Estonia YEShttps://www.cep-probation.org/knowledgebases/probation-in-europe/
Finland YEShttps://www.cep-probation.org/knowledgebases/probation-in-europe/
FranceYEShttps://www.cep-probation.org/knowledgebases/probation-in-europe/
Germany YEShttps://www.cep-probation.org/knowledgebases/probation-in-europe/
Greece YEShttps://www.cep-probation.org/knowledgebases/probation-in-europe/
Hungary YEShttps://www.cep-probation.org/knowledgebases/probation-in-europe/
IcelandYEShttps://www.cep-probation.org/knowledgebases/probation-in-europe/
Ireland, Republic ofYEShttps://www.cep-probation.org/knowledgebases/probation-in-europe/
Italy YEShttps://www.cep-probation.org/knowledgebases/probation-in-europe/
Latvia YEShttps://www.cep-probation.org/knowledgebases/probation-in-europe/
LiechtensteinYES
Lithuania YEShttps://www.cep-probation.org/knowledgebases/probation-in-europe/
Luxembourg YEShttps://www.cep-probation.org/knowledgebases/probation-in-europe/
Malta YEShttps://www.cep-probation.org/knowledgebases/probation-in-europe/
Moldova, Republic ofYEShttps://www.cep-probation.org/knowledgebases/probation-in-europe/
Monaco YES
Montenegro YES
NetherlandsYEShttps://www.cep-probation.org/knowledgebases/probation-in-europe/
North Macedonia YES
NorwayYESFocus on individual needshttps://www.nccdglobal.org/newsroom/news-of-interest/radical-humaneness-norways-halden-prison
Poland YEShttps://www.cep-probation.org/knowledgebases/probation-in-europe/
Portugal YEShttps://www.cep-probation.org/knowledgebases/probation-in-europe/
Romania YEShttps://www.cep-probation.org/knowledgebases/probation-in-europe/
Russian FederationYES
San Marino YES
SerbiaYES
Slovakia YEShttps://www.cep-probation.org/knowledgebases/probation-in-europe/
Slovenia YEShttps://www.cep-probation.org/knowledgebases/probation-in-europe/
Spain YEShttps://www.cep-probation.org/knowledgebases/probation-in-europe/
Sweden YEShttps://www.cep-probation.org/knowledgebases/probation-in-europe/
SwitzerlandYEShttps://www.cep-probation.org/knowledgebases/probation-in-europe/
Ukraine YEShttps://www.cep-probation.org/knowledgebases/probation-in-europe/
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandYESFocus towards Desistance researchhttps://www.cep-probation.org/search/desistance/

CountryStatusHighlightsSupporting Sites
AustraliaYESEnhancing programs for under-served populationshttps://www.justice.nsw.gov.au/
New Zealand YES
FijiUnknown
Papua New GuineaYEShttps://www.justice.gov.pg/index.php/2015-04-26-07-32-15/parole-services
https://www.justice.gov.pg/index.php/2015-04-26-07-32-15/probation-services
Solomon Islands Unknown
Vanuatu Unknown
Kiribati Unknown
Marshall IslandsUnknown
MicronesiaUnknown
NauruUnknown
PalauUnknown
SamoaUnknown
TongaUnknown
TuvaluUnknown

  1. Should you discover errors or updates required, please inform us at info@SAWProject.org.
  2. We are aware of the many complications inherent in representing countries, nations, jurisdictions, etc. The SAW Project follows the United Nations list of countries.
  3. Identified country “highlights” are chosen by the SAW Project in consultation with a variety of local sources.